Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic, non-transmissible disease with a growing prevalence as measured in the last years, which turns diabetes into a public health problem and raises the need for interventions from prevention and early diagnosis aiming that the appearance and complications of this disease can be avoided. FINDRISC is a questionnaire used as a screening tool to measure the risk of developing diabetes in the future. This questionnaire has been validated in Colombia, where a threshold of 13 or more points is accepted as risk score.
Aims: The aim is to detect the risk of developing Diabetes Mellitus 2 in the adult population of Manizales by using the FINDRISC questionnaire. Also it is pretended to describe this population in terms of weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, family history of diabetes, socioeconomic status and educational level.
Methods: It is an analytic study in which FINDRISC questionnaire was applied to adults from Manizales that hadn’t been diagnosed with diabetes. Those with a score equal to or higher than 13 underwent random plasma glucose test and were given the indication of consulting a doctor and undergo fasting plasma glucose test. The questionnaires were made in 2017, between February and November.
Results: There were 1000 people in the study; the average age was 43 years (±16). The prevalence of FINDRISC equal to or higher than 13 was 14.4% and there was no relation found between risk score and random plasma glucose. 31.9% of people with risk score reported that they had gone to the doctor and underwent the fasting glucose test; however only 16.7% of the risk scores’ results were obtained. Of those, 37.5% had fasting glucose impairment and 8.3% had a diabetes diagnosis. 42.7% of the whole population in the study was classified as overweight and 12.5% were classified as obesity. 25.6% of the population had an increased abdominal perimeter.
Conclusions: Manizales has a similar prevalence of diabetes/prediabetes compared to national prevalence. It is striking that only a few patients complied with the recommendation to find a health care center for an accurate diagnosis. Data on overweight and obesity are high, as they are in the Country.
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