Osteosarcopenia in older adults
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Ariza Galindo, C. J., Venegas, L. C., Martínez , M. T., & Serrano, P. A. (2022). Osteosarcopenia in older adults. Revista Colombiana De Endocrinología, Diabetes &Amp; Metabolismo, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.53853/encr.9.3.732


Context: Osteosarcopenia is a new geriatric syndrome with serious consequences in the elderly. Its relationship with the risk of falls, fractures, functional dependence and mortality has been described. It is defined as the coexistence of low bone mineral mass or osteoporosis and sarcopenia. For several years these clinical conditions in the elderly have been diagnosed and treated separately, however, it is clear that the best results are evidenced by carrying out a diagnosis and intervention together. In Colombia there is no scientific information that studies or describes this phenotype in our older adult population

Objective: the main objective of this review is to describe the phenotype called osteosarcopenia, the pathophysiological mechanisms, risk factors and the clinical implications of this entity in the elderly population, as well as to describe what is currently known about its diagnosis, treatment and interventions.

Methodology: a non-systematic search of the literature on osteosarcopenia, osteoporosis, osteopenia and sarcopenia was carried out, including literature on epidemiology, pathophysiology and diagnosis.

Results: the evidence on osteosarcopenia is scarce, however, there is a growing literature on the topic of interest, as well as the relationship between osteoporosis and sarcopenia separately. They manage to gather the most important concepts of today.

Conclusion: Despite the impact that this condition has on patients and the health system, the search for and simultaneous and systemic intervention of osteoporosis/osteopenia associated with sarcopenia is still in progress.

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