Pheochromocytoma in Dwight David Eisenhower, 50 years later: A reflection on medical approaches and paradigm shifts
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myocardial infarction
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Cardona Gómez, M. ., Ardila Gil, A., & Román-González, A. (2023). Pheochromocytoma in Dwight David Eisenhower, 50 years later: A reflection on medical approaches and paradigm shifts. Revista Colombiana De Endocrinología, Diabetes &Amp; Metabolismo, 10(3).


Background: Dwight Eisenhower, a war veteran, served as the thirty-fourth President of the United States of America for two terms. Throughout his political career, he faced common health impediments, including paroxysmal fluctuations in blood pressure, multiple acute myocardial infarctions, and cerebrovascular events. After his dead, the autopsy revealed a pheochromocytoma in the right adrenal gland.

Contents: Pheochromocytomas are rare catecholamine-secreting tumors that develop in the adrenal glands. Symptoms are typically attributed to excessive stimulation of the Sympathetic Nervous System, leading to hypertension spikes, headaches, palpitations, diaphoresis, pallor, among others. Eisenhower suffered several health events that placed him in a tense political situation, three of them were: his first acute myocardial infarction, surgery for ileitis, and ischemic cerebrovascular event. Pheochromocytoma is attributed to the greatest responsibility for his health problems, this combined with the former president's unhealthy lifestyle habits, were determining factors in his clinical presentation.

Conclusions: Medical approaches during the 1950s and 1960s differed significantly from current practices. Retrospectively analyzing this case allows us to understand the bioethical and scientific changes that have impacted medicine over the past 50 years and compare them with contemporary paradigms.
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