Prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms in women over 60 years of age
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Keywords

Climacteric
Menopause
Signs and symptoms
Prevalence
Risk factors
quality of life

How to Cite

Espitia de la Hoz, F. . (2024). Prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms in women over 60 years of age. Revista Colombiana De Endocrinología, Diabetes &Amp; Metabolismo, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.53853/encr.11.1.853

Abstract

Background: The symptoms of menopause can be as severe or prolonged over time, with the possibility of affecting the quality of life of women who suffer from them.

Purpose: to determine the prevalence and severity of menopause symptoms in women aged 60 or older, and to know the associated risk factors.

Methodology: cross-sectional study in 117 women aged 60 or older with an intact uterus and menopausal symptoms, residing in Quindío, Colombia; between 2017 and 2023. Quality of life was evaluated with the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) instrument. A descriptive analysis was done.

Results: the average age of the women was 67.53 ± 8.24 years; in the total number of participants; the prevalence of menopause symptoms was 9.87%, with hot flashes predominating (80.34%). In the MRS scale, the urogenital domain reported the greatest impact on the severity of the symptoms (average: 8.94 ± 2.07 points); Vaginal dryness was the most common complaint (58.97%). The associated factors highlight early menopause (OR: 3.87; 95% CI: 1.81 - 8.33) and smoking (OR: 2.97; 95% CI: 1.44 - 6.31). Greater education (OR: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.16 - 0.91) was shown to be a protective factor. 27.35% of the total participants scored ?16 (severe) in the intensity of the symptoms according to the MRS scale, compatible with the need for treatment. Work efficiency was severely affected in 20.51% of women followed by household responsibilities with 15.38%.

Conclusions: the symptoms of menopause can be present in women aged 60 or older, being described by a tenth of the residents of the department of Quindío.

https://doi.org/10.53853/encr.11.1.853
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